Mr Google Fgt

 Mr Yahoo Fgt Article

Earth Problems in Comprehensive Cable Networks

Electric Distribution Systems

Anna Guldbrand

Licentiate Thesis Department of Measurement Technology and Professional Electrical Anatomist

2009

Office of Measurement Technology and Industrial Electric Engineering Faculty of Anatomist Lund College or university Box 118 221 00 LUND LAXA, SWEDEN http://www.iea.lth.se

ISBN: 978-91-88934-49-9

CODEN: LUTEDX/(TEIE-1057)/1-129/(2009) В© Anna Guldbrand, 2009 Branded in Sweden by Media-Tryck, Lund University or college Lund 2009

Abstract

The quantity of underground wire in the Swedish rural circulation systems has grown considerably considering that the 2005 Gudrun hurricane. The resulting fresh rural networks combine the long collection sections of the standard rural networks that they substitute, with the use of cable television, common in urban sites. The introduction of very long cables is a technology modify and as such, this influences the distribution system earth mistake behaviour. This work clarifies why the entire world fault behavior of electric distribution systems with long cables is different from that of conventional systems consisting of short cable feeders. The analysis in this job is completed by use of signal theory. The obtained results are compared to and found in accordance with time simulations. Regarding equivalent impedance and earth fault behaviour, the main difference between the new rural cable television distribution devices and conventional urban systems, is that the zero sequence series impedance in the rural devices is certainly not negligible. Because the zero sequence series impedance is partially resistive, the same impedance with the system contains a resistive part that can not be compensated pertaining to by make use of conventional reverberation earthing. The zero series resistance damps the reverberation of the program and by that influences the earth fault behavior. The damping might result in large low-impedance fault power and problems to identify high-impedance faults. The effect of the no sequence series impedance around the equivalent impedance and the earth fault conduct depends on the fault location. The zero pattern series variables of cabling are much unlike those of expense lines. As a result, fundamental rate of recurrence and harmonic resonance can be reached pertaining to considerable short cables than overhead lines. In addition , feeders that incorporate overhead lines and subterranean cables may possibly give rise to series resonance. The zero series parameters of underground wires, and by that the earth wrong doing behaviour, rely upon the cabling properties as well as the cable unit installation. One significant finding of this work is usually that the zero pattern impedance is not necessarily proportionate to the cable connection length. iii

Distributed compensation increases the shunt impedance of underground cabling so that the impact of the series impedance lessens. If the local compensation shelves are effectively dimensioned, the series impedance is minimal and does not help the equivalent program resistance as well as the resonance diffusing. There are resistive losses from your Petersen coils, which to some degree damp the resonance. The equivalent zero pattern resistance is however substantial smaller than regarding systems with central settlement. Distributed settlement can thus be considered since an efficient way to make the the planet fault conduct of systems with long wires similar to that of traditional systems with brief cables.

Acknowledgements

I are sincerely grateful for all the help and encouragement I have received while focusing on my research study. First and foremost, I would really prefer to express my own gratitude to my manager Dr Olof Samuelsson for his help throughout this work. I am particularly grateful for (and impressed by) his ability to always give advice and support based on my own interests and wishes. During this function, I have also had the privilege to get guidance via Professor Sture Lindahl. My spouse and i appreciate that Professor Lindahl has distributed some of...

References: 121

Pignari S. A. and Orlandi A. (2003). ”Long-cable effects on conducted emissions levels”, IEEE Ventures on Electromagnetic Compability, volume. 45, number 1, pp. 43-54 Popovic L. M. (2007). ”Ground fault current distribution in stations supplied by a range composed of a cable and an overhead section”, Western Transactions in Electrical Power, volume. 17, number 3, pp. 201-218 Roberts J., Altuve H. J. and Hou D. (2001). Review of earth fault safeguard methods for grounded, ungrounded and compensated distribution systems, Schweitzer Engineering Laboratories, Inc. Pullman, USA Tziouvaras D. A. (2006). ”Protection of high-voltage AC cables”, 2006 Power Systems Convention: Advanced Metering, Protection, Control, Communication, and Distributed Methods (IEEE), pp 316-328 Transfix (2005). " Transfix evaluation report Ecobloc transformer”. Offered: ECOBLOC-SVEA Wander och Instruktionsmanual broschyr, Helmer Verken, Göteborg (2006) or (Akke 2006) Zamora I., Mazón A. J., Eguia P., Valverde V. and Vicente L. (2004). ”Influence of resonant coil fine tuning in the wrong doing current magnitude”, th Process on the doze IEEE Mediterranean Electro specialized conference, pp. 979 -982